Adolescence is an important stage of progress and development, with the journey from childhood to adulthood. It shows signs of rapid mental and physical maturity. Adolescence
is a situation when youth take their relationships beyond the limits of family and parents, they are greatly influenced by their friends and the outside world in general.
When the adolescent matures in his intellectual
form, his mental process also becomes more assessable. They can now do abstract forms of thinking, are able to express themselves correctly, and rely on their own self-supporting thoughts and processes. This time is really a time for creative, ideal, cheerful, and courageous ideas. But this is the time when the status of experimentation and risk-taking, from negatively influencing friends, to decisions on complex issues without information, especially those related to their body and sexuality, is found. Adolescence is a defining point in any person’s life in which you have immense possibilities and at the same time, there is a lot of risks.
Some important issues and situations related to adolescence include situations related to self-image, managing feelings, building relationships, powerful social skills, and making the right decisions with pressure from your peers. At this age, adolescents are more attracted to activities related to risk and courage and their loss is more in it.
It has been observed that many teenagers are not able to face these challenges easily, many teenagers have to struggle with others during this time. How a teenager encounters these situations can be understood from a variety of points, including their lateness, the mental support that they get from the environment around them and the parents, teachers, and partners, as well They get help by adopting some special skills of life.
Life skills are considered to be an effective way in which they teach young people how to do their work responsibly, take initiative and control. It is based on the assumption that when young people will learn to control their sensations that come up due to daily disputes when they will learn to maintain the right relationship and deal with peer pressure, then their behavior against society Or the situation of high-risk behavior will be reduced.
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Defining life skills is said to be “abilities that are designed to adopt positive behavior and that help the individual to meet every demand and challenge in daily life.” (WHO)
. “Adoption” here means that a person is flexible in his thinking and adapts himself to a wide variety of situations. Positive behavior means that the person is visionary and even in difficult situations, one seeks the opportunity for hope or solution.
Life skills include mental abilities and interpersonal abilities to help individuals make the right decisions, solve problems, think critically and creatively, communicate properly, build healthy relationships, value others, and make their lives healthy. And there are conditions to live in a productive way.
Thinking skills and social skills
There are essentially two types of skills related to thinking skills; And in other types of skills, relationship with people is important which is called social skills. Thinking skills depend on your conceptual ability and personal level. The social level consists of interpersonal skills that come with the person when the person and communication around him continues. The skill that combines these two types together creates a positive behavior application and right negotiation.
“Sensitive skills” can be considered a skill in which not only rational decisions are made but everyone else is positive on this point. To do this it is important that teens are taught how to deal with their internal disputes and problems Due to this, they will be able to bear the pressure from the partner and family of a particular group. The youth need both thinking and social skills for the process of right and healthy development.
List of 10 key skills given by WHO:
Self-awakening: This includes your own identity, your character, your abilities and shortcomings, desires, and dislikes. In the event of self-awakening, adolescents can identify when they are under the influence of stress, and when they feel pressured. Self-awakening usually occurs due to effective dialogue and the right interpersonal relationships and it also develops empathy with others.
Empathy: If we want to build a successful relationship with our loved ones and with society, then it is important that in our adolescence, we need to know about the needs, desires, and sensations of other individuals. Empathy is the ability in which the person in front is thought about and his life. Without empathy, the dialogue that is done by a teenager with others is not a two-way process. When the adolescent begins to understand himself, then he is ready to communicate properly with others and at this time he is in a position to help and support others and to go through the process of developing a correct understanding with them. Empathy helps teenagers to accept what is the situation of others and what is the difference between them and the other person. This improves their social interaction; It is not only a classroom interaction with peers, but it is also helpful in life, which is related to many types of traditional or cultural diversity.
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Critical thought is an ability in which information and experiences obtained are properly assessed. Critical considerations can be assessed in adolescence by identifying a factor that has an impact on temperament and attitudes, such as values, peer pressure, and media.
Creative thought This is a navigational way in which four major components of objects are seen – flow (the birth of new ideas), flexibility (accepting change easily), reality (some new creation), and expression (building on other ideas).
Decision making is a skill that positively affects adolescents in decisions related to their lives and also tells them how diverse decisions are going to affect their lives.
Problem-solving gives you different dimensions of your solutions during adolescence by looking at any problem from its different angles and get positive or negative information about available options and their effects.
Interpersonal Relationship Skills This helps teenagers to connect with people in a positive way in everyday life. With its help, they are able to maintain friendly relations (it is necessary for social and personal mental health); Correct relationships can also occur with family members (this is better social support) and are helpful as a positive construct.
Effective communication means helping teenagers to express themselves, which is both literal and non-literal and is told in a way that relates to cultural expectation and the current situation. This means that you can express your thoughts, desires, needs, and needs in a relaxed way, as well as you have the ability to receive advice and help in times of need.
Stress management is a way to identify the source of stress in life and to know how it is affecting them, as well as to teach them ways to be in control of their lives; With the help of a positive style one learns to associate a passive state with active system and this includes learning to change their lifestyle, surrounding environment and calm down.
Management of sensations involves sensations that are their own as well as those of others, knowing how sensations affect behavior, as well as reactive responses to sensations. The key fact to this skill is that negative emotions such as anger or depression affect our health incorrectly if they are not reacted properly.
Dr. Garima Srivastava is a clinical psychologist from Delhi who received his Ph.D. from All India Institute of Medical Sciences.