1. Use active voice instead of passive: The most common demonstration of bad writing is excessive use of passive voice. The basic syntax in the English language is S-V-O: Subject-Verb-Object.
2. Use strong words: Good writing, whether it is a novel or a scholarly essay, is always a mix of accurate, evocative, and unpredictable spices. The correct verb or adjective can change a minor sentence into something that people can remember for years and use it as a quote. Select only as specific words as possible. Unless you are going to create a rhythm, do not use the same word again and again.
3. Avoid sticky things: Good writing is simple, clear, and straightforward. You will not get any extra marks for using a 50 word or a word with many letters in place of a short word for what can be said in 20 words. Good writing means choosing the right words, not filling the page. Sometimes it might be nice to fill several ideas and descriptions in a single sentence, but chances are that it will be difficult to read. If a phrase is not adding anything to the sentence, then delete it.
4. Do not show, do not tell: Whatever can be shown to the reader, do not “tell” it. Instead of explaining the importance of a character’s background or plot point to the reader, try to do long talk instead of allowing the reader to explore the same idea with the words, feelings, and actions used by your characters. In particular, putting into practice this classical mode of writing in fictional literature is the most important text for a writer to learn.
5. Avoid stereotypes: Stereotypes are quotes, thoughts, or situations that have been used so often that they no longer leave the same effect as they were before. They are usually so common that they do not leave a long-lasting impact on the reader. Whether you are writing fiction or unrealistic, removing the stereotypes will make your work better.
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6. Avoid generalization: One hallmark of bad writing is a detailed generalization. For example, in an academic essay it may be said, “In modern times, we are more progressive than people a hundred years ago.” Many unbridled assumptions are being conveyed by this statement and important ideas like “progressive” are also not being defined. Be accurate and definite. Whether you are writing short stories, or scholarly essays, staying away from generalizations and global statements will improve your writing.
7. Whatever you say should be supported: Do not judge your statement without evidence. In relation to creative writing, this is equivalent to the principle of “show, tell opinion”. Do not just say that without a strong police force, society, as we know it, will be destroyed. Why is this true? What evidence do you have? Describing the idea behind your statement will allow your reader to see that you are aware of what you are saying. This will help them decide if they agree with you.
8. Use metaphors and analogies carefully: While a good metaphor or simile can make your writing strong and lively, the bad one can weaken your writing to a childish level. (Well it is a null simile.) Excessive use of metaphors and similes indicates that you do not believe what you are saying, and you have to use gimmicks to make your views clear. It is also quickly converted into stereotypes.
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9. Break the rules: The best articles don’t follow the rules – they know where and how to break them. Everything from traditional grammar to writing suggestions can be changed if you find that a violation can improve your work. The key to this is that you have to look good later also to make it clear that you are intentionally and breaking the rules.
10. Editing, and Editing: Editing is a very important part of writing. When you finish writing something, let it be kept for a day, then read it again with fresh eyes, so that you can identify the tricky places or discard whole passages – anything that your May work be better. When you have missed it, read it again, and read it again.