OPSC Soil Conservation Officer Syllabus 2021 is given below for the interested candidates who have applied for OPSC Soil Conservation Officer Recruitment 2021. Overall 92 vacancies has been announced for OPSC Soil Conservation Officer Recruitment 2021. Interested candidates can apply online at @opsc.gov.in. Eligible candidates can apply online till 24 May 2021. Before starting the exam preparation, go into the OPSC Soil Conservation Officer Syllabus 2021 to get the basic idea of the topics asked in the examination and work on your weaker sections to get success in the examination. Students should make short notes while preparing various subjects. These notes should be amended regularly.
The detailed Syllabus of OPSC Soil Conservation Officer 2021 is given below. Candidates who applied for this recruitment can see the OPSC Soil Conservation Officer Syllabus 2021 given below.
OPSC Soil Conservation Officer Syllabus 2021:
Paper – I
Unit-I: General agriculture: Importance, Trend in agriculture and allied sectors, Present-day problems and remedial measures, Government policies. (20 marks).
Unit-II: Natural Resources: Land, Water, Forest, Energy – their use, exploitation, conservation, equitable use of resources for sustainable lifestyle; Plant Ecosystem; Biodiversity and its conservation; Environmental Pollution; Natural Disasters and their management; Organic farming and Sustainable agriculture; Conservation agriculture; Agricultural waste management; Climate change and agriculture. (20 marks).
Unit-III: Soil forming processes; Soil physical properties: texture, structure, density, and porosity; Soil water retention, movement, and availability; Soil reaction-pH, soil acidity, and alkalinity; Soil organic matter: influence on soil properties and soil fertility; Soil organisms: macro and microorganisms, their beneficial and harmful effects; Soil pollution: behavior of pesticides and inorganic contaminants, prevention and mitigation of soil pollution; soil quality and health. (20 marks).
Unit-IV: Weather and crop growth; Tillage and tilth; Seed and sowing; Cropping systems and Integrated Farming Systems; Crop nutrition-essential nutrients- their functions and deficiency symptoms in plants; Nutrient sources-organic manures-fertilizers-biofertilizers-Integrated Nutrient Management; Water and weed management in the field, horticultural and plantation crops, Plant protection; Harvesting, storage, and value addition. (20 marks).
Unit-V: Economic importance, production, and protection technology of important field crops- rice, maize, finger millet, pulses and oilseeds, cotton, sugarcane, potato; Importance and scope of fruit and plantation crops – production and protection technologies for the cultivation of fruit and plantation crops-mango, banana, citrus, guava, litchi, papaya, pineapple, pomegranate, jackfruit, coconut, areca nut, cashew, tea, coffee, rubber; Nursery techniques and their management; Nutrition garden. (20 marks).
Unit-VI : Agroforestry-objectives and potential; Agroforestry system- sub-system and practice. Planning for agroforestry-constraints, diagnosis and design methodology, selection of tree crop species for agroforestry; Agroforestry for food, feed, fuel, and nutritional security, soil improvement-carbon sequestration, microclimate amelioration, industrial requirement; Ecotourism-concept and importance in Indian perspectives. (20 marks).
Unit-VII : Rainfed agriculture: problems and prospects; Rainfall analysis; Drought-classification, causes and impacts, drought management strategy; Crops and cropping systems, soil moisture, and rainwater conservation-in-situ and ex-situ storage, water harvesting and recycling, contingent crop planning under aberrant weather conditions, dryland horticulture; Watershed planning based on land capability classes and hydrologic data, watershed delineation, and prioritization; Water budgeting in a watershed; Integrated watershed management-concept, objectives components, arable lands – agriculture and horticulture, non-arable lands – forestry, fishery, and animal husbandry; Watershed program – execution, follow-up practices, maintenance, monitoring, and evaluation; Participatory watershed management – the role of watershed associations, user groups, and self-help groups; Planning and formulation of project proposal for watershed management program including cost-benefit analysis. (20 marks).
Unit-VIII : Soil and water conservation – issues and importance; Causes and agents of soil erosion; Water erosion: Hydrologic cycle, precipitation and its forms, Runoff estimation, Forms of water erosion. Gully classification and control measures. Principles of erosion control: Introduction to contouring, strip cropping, contour bund, graded bund, and bench terracing, grassed waterways and their design; Water harvesting-principles, importance, and techniques: Runoff harvesting-short-term and long term techniques; Water harvesting structures – farm ponds-percolation pond-dug-out and embankment reservoir types, tanks, and subsurface dykes; Wind erosion: mechanics of wind erosion, types of soil movement; Principles of wind erosion control and its control measures. (20 marks).
Unit-IX : Wasteland-causes, distribution, and sustainable wasteland development government policies, Participatory approach; Soil conservation structures, Afforestation, Shifting cultivation, Optimal land use options; Reclamation of Saline, Sodic, Acid, Waterlogged, Eroded, Compacted, Flooded, Polluted soils and my spoils; Desertification-impact and causes, prevention and control measures; Bioremediation of soils through multipurpose tree species; Remote sensing and GIS in diagnosis and management of problem soils; Land capability and land suitability classification. (20 marks).
Unit-X : Protected cultivation: importance and scope, controlled conditions, method and techniques, canopy management, Irrigation and fertigation, liquid fertilizers and their solubility and compatibility, insect pest and disease management; Production of quality planting materials, cultivation of high-value crops, and off-season production in greenhouses; Components of precision farming: Remote sensing, Geographical Information System (GIS), Differential Geo-positioning System (DGPS), Variable Rate applicator (VRA), application of precision farming in agriculture. (20 marks).